Gabriel García Márquez

Gabriel García Márquez was a novelist, short story writer, screenwriter, editor and journalist, Nobel Prize for Literature in 1982 and one of the great masters of universal literature. He was born in Aracataca (Magdalena), Colombia on March 6, 1927. Son of Gabriel Eligio García and Luisa Santiaga Márquez Iguarán.

He was raised by his maternal grandparents: Tranquilina Iguarán Cortés and Colonel Nicolás Márquez who was an essential figure in his life, his personality influenced several of his characters. He was known familiarly and by his friends as GABITO.

Gabriel García Márquez was the main figure of the so-called Boom of Hispano-American Literature. He attended secondary school at the San José Jesuit School in 1940. Later, thanks to a scholarship granted by the government, he was sent to Bogotá, where he was relocated to the Liceo Nacional de Zipaquirá, a town about an hour away from Bogota. After his graduation in 1947, he remained in Bogotá, studied law and journalism at the National University of Colombia where he devoted himself especially to reading. The early years of his childhood marked decisively his work as a writer. The richness of the traditions passed down by his grandparents inspired a good part of his work. His desire to be a writer grew, and he published his first story, The Third Resignation, on September 13, 1947, in the newspaper El Espectador.

After the Bogotazo in 1948, a bloody revolt unleashed by the murder of popular leader Jorge Eliecer Gaitán, on April 9, the University closed indefinitely. Gabo moved to the National University in Cartagena and began working as a reporter for El Universal. In 1950, he quit becoming a lawyer and dedicated himself to journalism, traveled to Barranquilla to work as a reporter and columnist for the newspaper “El Heraldo”, and actively participated in the literary gatherings of the so-called “Grupo de Barranquilla”. He traveled to Aracataca in order to sell his native house, but he feels that his real interest was to write about the world of his childhood.

Exercises

1.Complete the sentences with in, at,on.

1. My office is on the first floor. It’s on the left as you come out of the lift.

2. I love to look up the stars in the sky at night.

3. Paris is on the river Seine.

4. It’s a very small village. You can’t find it on your map.

5. Have you ever worked on a farm?

6.Our flat is on the second floor.

7. We stopped at a small village on the way to London.

8. Portsmouth is on the south coast of England.

9. Nicola was wearing a silver ring on her little finger.

10. The headmaster of the company is at Milan.

2.Complete the sentences.Use in, at, on + one of the following

the door ,   18 May 1991  ,   Saturday evenings ,    the station,     6 months ,     

my way to work,     my guitar  ,   time  ,  the west coast ,    the river

  1. Look at those people swimming in the river.
  2. One of the strings on my guitar is broken.
  3. Have you seen the notice on the door?
  4. San Francisco is on the west coast of the United States.
  5. I usually buy a newspaper on my way to work in the morning.
  6. My train arrives at 11:30. Can you meet me at the station?
  7. We got to the station just in time to catch the train.
  8. They are getting married in 6 months.
  9. Do you usually go out on Saturday evenings.
  10. Pauline got married on 18 May, 1991.

3.Put in/on/at

1.Where is she?- at the hospital.

2.Where are they? — at the airport.

3.Where is he?- in bed.

4.Where are they? – on a ship.

5.Where are the stars? — in the sky.

6.Where are they? — at the party.

7.Where is John? — at the doctor’s.

8.Where is the restaurant?- on the second floor.

9.Where is she?- at work.

10.Where are they?- on a plane.

11.Where are they?- in a taxi.

12.Where are they?- at a wedding

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